It is estimated that hundreds of water mills were built in the Kainuu region’s long water courses and streams. They are of different ages and type, and their history derives from the sparsely populated forest region’s self-sufficiency period.

Small water mills are often located away from other settlements in good habitat locations and they may have been in use for centuries. The mills are usually modest log buildings. The complex includes a mill or a water rig, and a docking station. In addition to grinding equipment, the interior is usually equipped only with a seat bench.

The most common type of water mill in Kainuu has been “a milling or bull mill”, where the rotating wheel is placed inside the mill. The second most common type has been a wheel mill. In addition, there are also a few turbine mills with a machine. Bull mills have been gradually abandoned as turbine mills became more common.

In Ristijärvi there is the Karppala turbine mill. The mill building belongs to the Karppala and Virpelä yards. The mill complex is one of the most established complexes in Kainuu, together with Hyrynsalmi Komulanköngäs bull mill and Korkialehto wheel mill.

The Kainuu region water mills are classified as RKY 2009 (Nationally significant built cultural environment).

Text: Karoliina Kikuchi

Location

Approximate location

Images

Location of the existing mills, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Location of the existing mills, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Regional Council of Kainuu)
Huovila turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Huovila turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum)
Karppala turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Karppala turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Karppala turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Karppala turbine mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Korkialehto wheel mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Korkialehto wheel mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Korkialehto wheel mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Korkialehto wheel mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Lakiaho bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Lakiaho bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum)
Peurokoski bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Peurokoski bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Peurokoski bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Peurokoski bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)
Rekelanvaara bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Rekelanvaara bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum)
Rinne bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region
Rinne bull mill, Watermills in Kainuu Region (© Kainuu Museum / Karoliina Kikuchi)

More projects by author

Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

St. Lawrence Church

  • Vantaa
Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Porvoo Cathedral

  • Porvoo
Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Sodankylä Old Church

  • Sodankylä
Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Tyrvää St. Olaf’s Church

  • Sastamala

Nearby projects

Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Seitenoikea Hydropower Plant

  • 28.2 km
Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Aittokoski Hydropower Plant

  • 36.1 km
Empty placeholder image
Bookmark

Ämmä Hydropower Plant

  • 40.5 km