The Sunila Pulp Mill and residential area form one entity. Aalto’s creative design input is more apparent in the latter. The pulp manufacturing process largely determined the building envelope and the contents of production units.

In the residential area, Aalto successfully implemented the ideas of 1930s Modernist architecture. The scheme is still a harmonious example of the socially driven construction of the period and of the possibilities and achievements of building technology.

The first building phase 1936-37 comprised the community’s town plan, the plant, the central heating unit and housing.

The mill is still in operation and owned by Stora Enso since 2009. In 1987, the residential area and part of the mill were placed under a preservation order.

Location

Kotka
60.496146, 26.9587773

Images

Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Martti Kapanen, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Maija Holma, Alvar Aalto Museum)
In front the white sulphite warehouse, Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
In front the white sulphite warehouse, Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Foto Roos, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Photo from west, in front the low office building, Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Photo from west, in front the low office building, Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Foto Roos, Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Alvar Aalto Museum)
ROT buildings Karhu and Päivölä and three-storey buildings Harjula, Kivelä and Kontio, and central heating plant and sauna., Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
ROT buildings Karhu and Päivölä and three-storey buildings Harjula, Kivelä and Kontio, and central heating plant and sauna., Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Alvar Aalto Museum)
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area
Sunila Pulp Mill and Residential Area (© Alvar Aalto Museum)

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